Publication ethics

The editorial board of the international open journal Digital Orientalia (hereinafter referred to as the journal) adheres to the principles of publication ethics adopted by the international scientific community. The principles were formulated in the recommendations of the International Committee on Publication Ethics. The journal also follows the principles of publication ethics adopted by the Association of Scientific Editors and Publishers in Russia (Declaration of the Association of Scientific Editors and Publishers «Ethical Principles of Scientific Publications").

Responsibilities of the Editor

  • strive to meet the needs of readers and authors of the journal;
  • actively participate in the activities of the editorial board to ensure the high quality of published materials;
  • to make a decision on the publication of materials, guided by the following main criteria: compliance of the manuscript with the subject of the journal; relevance, novelty and scientific significance of the presented article; clarity of presentation; reliability of the results and completeness of conclusions;
  • to evaluate manuscripts solely on their scientific content, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, citizenship and political views of the authors;
  • to make decisions based on the principle of fairness and impartiality, ensure transparency of editorial activities at all its stages;
  • to take into account the recommendations of reviewers when making a final decision on the publication of the article. Responsibility for the decision to publish lies entirely with the members of the editorial board of the journal;
  • to justify their decision in case of acceptance or rejection of the article;
  • to provide the author of the reviewed material with the opportunity to substantiate his research position;
  • to follow the principle of freedom of opinion;
  • to encourage discussions and provide an opportunity to present the point of view of opponents;
  • not to use information from unpublished materials in your own research;
  • to exclude the influence of business or political interests on decisions on the publication of materials;
  • not to disclose information about the submitted materials to anyone other than the relevant authors, reviewers, other editorial consultants and, if necessary, the publisher;
  • to take all reasonable steps to ensure the protection of the confidentiality of personal information;
  • when changing the composition of the editorial board, do not cancel the decisions of the previous composition on the publication of the material;
  • constantly improve the journal.

Responsibilities of the author

  • to submit only original works;
  • if there is a textual or graphic information from the author's previously published research or from the work of another researcher, refer to relevant publications or provide written permission to use these materials. The presence of borrowing without reference will be considered plagiarism by the editorial board;
  • to give in the manuscript only true facts and information; provide sufficient information to verify and repeat the experiments by other researchers; not to use information obtained privately without explicit written permission; prevent fabrication and falsification of data;
  • to avoid duplication of publications (in the cover letter, the author must indicate that the work is published for the first time). If individual elements of the manuscript were previously published, the author is obliged to refer to the earlier work and indicate the differences between the new work and the previous one. Submission of a manuscript to more than one journal at the same time is unethical;
  • to comply with ethical standards by criticizing or commenting on third-party research; immediately notify the editorial board or the publisher of the journal of the discovery of a significant error in the published work;
  • to provide the editorial board or publisher with evidence of the correctness of the original article or correct significant errors, if the editorial board or the publisher has become aware of them from third parties;
  • indicate all the authors of the material.
  • the author has the right to appeal against the decision of the editorial board in accordance with the established procedure.

Procedure for appealing the decision of the editorial board

The author has the right to appeal against the decision of the editorial board on the rejection of the article or the need to correct the text at the direction of the reviewer. In the event of such a situation, the author must send a request outlining the problem and proving his position to the editor-in-chief of the journal. The editor-in-chief, having familiarized himself with the claim, sends the article for additional review or informs the author about the fairness of the reviewer's comments and the need to correct the article.

The reviewer duties

  • to make objective and impartial decisions;
  • to respect confidentiality. It is not allowed to discuss work with other persons with the exception of persons authorized by the editor-in-chief to work with the author's manuscript;
  • do not use the information obtained during the review for personal gain;
  • to inform the editor-in-chief and refuse the process of examination of the manuscript, if, in the opinion of the reviewer, his qualifications are not enough to consider the material submitted for review or in the case when it is possible to violate the terms of consideration of the manuscript;
  • to make decisions on the basis of specific facts and provide evidence of their decision;
  • to draw the attention of the editorial board to the significant or partial similarity of the evaluated manuscript with any other work, as well as the facts of the absence of references to the provisions, conclusions or arguments previously published in other works of this or other authors.
  • to assist the author in improving the quality of the article;
  • do not use the materials of an unpublished manuscript in your own research.

Conflict of Interest

In order to avoid cases of violation of publication ethics, it is necessary to exclude the conflict of interests of all parties involved in the process of publishing the manuscript. A conflict of interest arises if the author, reviewer or member of the editorial board has financial, scientific or personal relationships that may affect their actions. Such relationships are called dual obligations, competing interests, or competing loyalties.

In order to prevent conflicts of interest and in accordance with the accepted ethical standards of the journal, each of the parties has the following responsibilities.

In case of conflict of interest, the editor is obliged to:

  • to send the manuscript for consideration to another member of the editorial board if the originally appointed reviewer has a conflict of interest with the author of the submitted manuscript;
  • to request information from all participants in the process of publishing the manuscript about the possibility of competing interests;
  • decide to publish the information specified in the author's letter regarding the conflict of scientific and / or financial interests, if it is not confidential and may affect the assessment of the published work by the reader or the scientific community;
  • to ensure the publication of amendments if information about a conflict of interest was received after the publication of the article.

In case of conflict of interest, the author is obliged to:

  • to list in a cover letter known and potential sources of conflict of interest;
  • to indicate the place of their work and the source of funding for the study;
  • if there is no conflict of interest, clearly state this in the cover letter.

In case of conflict of interest, the reviewer is obliged to:

  • to inform the editor-in-chief or his deputies about the existence of a conflict of interest (dual obligations, competing interests) and refuse to examine the manuscript


In the event of a situation related to the violation of publication ethics on the part of the editor, author or reviewer, the editorial board of the journal will investigate. This applies to both published and unpublished material. The editorial board will require clarification, without involving persons who may have a conflict of interest with one of the parties.

Complaints about violations of publication ethics can be associated with incorrect borrowing of someone else's text and plagiarism (borrowing content and conclusions without verbatim repetition of someone else's text), duplication of their own publications, indication of unreliable or falsified data in the text of the published work, incorrect indication of the authors' contribution to the general work and other violations.

Procedure for detecting violations:

  • the party that discovered the violation must submit a complaint via e-mail to the editorial board or send it by mail to the address of the editorial office of the journal.
  • the complaint must clearly describe the alleged violation and provide supporting information.
  • upon receipt of a complaint, the editorial board will register the claim and, after its thorough consideration, will draw up a report indicating all the factual issues in the case. To conduct an examination of the article and related materials, the editor-in-chief forms an expert commission consisting of the chairman (editor-in-chief of the journal or deputy editor-in-chief of the journal) and members of the commission (at least 2 people from the editorial board of the journal). The editorial board guarantees that all aspects of the investigation will be confidential, impartial and fair.

Claims to the author of the journal (incorrect borrowing and plagiarism, indication of unreliable or falsified data, incorrect indication of the authors' contribution to the general work)

The editor will provide a comprehensive consideration of the issue in case of suspicion of incorrect borrowing or plagiarism. It is possible that the author inadvertently did not indicate the authorship of the copied part, but this applies only to small excerpts. Copying the article as a whole or its essential parts without indicating someone else's authorship is considered a serious violation of the principles of the Publication Ethics of the journal. In relation to such authors, the editorial board will necessarily take the measures provided.

If a complaint is received against the author, the editor will contact him and ask him to provide the necessary explanations. Based on the author's response, the editors decide whether to refuse the complaint (if the author responds to the appeal, formulates a clear and convincing position) or accept (if the author evades the answer, or his explanations are unconvincing). The editorial board must notify the party that filed the complaint about its decision.

If material containing significant inaccuracies has been published, it will be corrected in a form accessible to readers and indexing systems. Articles with detected incorrect borrowings will be corrected or withdrawn.

The decision to withdraw the article should be formalized by the minutes of the meeting of the editorial board of the journal. Having decided to withdraw the article, the editors will necessarily indicate its reason (in case of detection of incorrect borrowing with an indication of the sources of borrowing). The article and the description of the article remain on the journal's website as part of the corresponding issue of the journal, the electronic version of the text will be marked with the inscription "RETRACTED" and the date of the review, the same note will be in the title of the article in the table of contents of the issue.

If the editorial board decides to withdraw the text of the article on the basis of its expertise or the information received by the editorial board, the author / co-authors will be informed about this and their reasoned opinion on the validity of the withdrawal of the article will be requested. If the author/co-authors ignore the request of the editorial board, the editorial board has the right to revoke the publication without taking into account the opinion of the author. If the editorial board receives an appeal about the existence of grounds for withdrawing the article, the editorial board informs the initiator of the appeal about the timing of its consideration. The maximum period for consideration of the appeal may not exceed three months. An appeal is not subject to consideration if it does not contain the surname, name, patronymic of the initiator or contact details, contains unreadable text or offensive expressions.

Complaint about duplication of publication

The editorial board of the journal considers the claim for duplication of publication. It will examine whether the second article has significant differences and additions. If the article does not contribute anything significant and new to the study, then it is defined as duplicate and appropriate corrective actions are taken with it.

If the authors used their own previously published article, or an article that is currently being considered in another journal, as the basis for the submitted manuscript, they are obliged to provide references to such research and indicate what is the significant difference between them.

The second article can be published in another language only if the following points are met:

  • obtaining the consent of the editorial board of the journal and / or the publisher who published the article in the original form;
  • mandatory notification of re-publication of the article;
  • the decisions of the editorial board on the significance of the study, which, when published in another language, will receive new readers or will be intended for another target audience.


If the editorial board recognizes the fact of the violation of the principles of publication ethics, the journal will carry out the following corrective actions (in order of severity of the violation):

  • reject the publication of the author’s manuscript;
  • publish remediation notices in the next issue of the log.
  • make corrections to the published material in a form accessible to readers and indexing systems;
  • introduce a ban on the publication of the author's materials in the journal for a period of 36 months;
  • refuse further cooperation within the editorial board;
  • publish an editorial on the ethical issues raised by the complaint;
  • remove the material from the journal (removal of the text of the article from the journal's website) in case of violation of confidentiality or causing serious harm to a third party.

The editorial board accepts all sanctions only after a thorough study of the claim, an objective and fair decision. In cases where violations will be particularly egregious, the editorial board reserves the right to impose additional sanctions in addition to those described above.

The author(s) has the right to appeal against the decision on the violation. All appeals must be submitted to the editorial board of the journal in writing within 30 days from the date of notification of the decision. The appeal must include a rebuttal of the decision, with a detailed justification as to why the decision was erroneous.